Natural resources economics; community-based natural resources management; institutions in natural resources management; equity, distribution and gendered nature of natural resources management and use; climate change impacts at the community and household level; protected areas management and park-people conflicts; poverty, livelihoods and resource degradation.
Over 12 years of policy-oriented research experience in developing countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa in socio-economic and institutional aspects of biodiversity conservation, payment for ecosystem services, natural resource management and utilisation, customary land and tree tenure systems, and gender, poverty and rural livelihoods.
PhD in Environment and Politics, (2010) University of York, York, UK
Master of Resource Management (MRM), (2005) Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada
Bachelor of Science in Environment, Economics, Ecology (1st Class Honours), (2002) University of York, York, UK
(Sep 2013 – Jan 2017) – Postdoctoral Research Officer, P4ges Project, School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University
I led the economics work package of the ESPA-funded P4ges project that looks to assess how international ecosystem service payment schemes, such as REDD+, most effectively reduce poverty in low income countries.
(Sep 2011 – Sep 2013) – Postdoctoral Fellow, Forest in Rural Studies, Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
Within the expertise area of Forest in Rural Studies, I am involved in studies of the forest commons in Sweden, and in ccommunity-based forest management regimes generally.
(Apr 2011 – Aug 2011) – Researcher (ForestAction, Nepal)
Working with Department of Forest Resource Management at SLU in Umeå, Sweden, my responsibilities included analysing survey data on Swedish forest commons, preparing a journal article based on this work, and in the development of research proposals.
(May 2010 – March 2011) – Research Associate, Environment Department, University of York
I worked in the EC-6th Framework INNOVKAR Project on the Study of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) in Sudano-Sahelian zone as the Leader of Work Package 1 (Shea tree dynamics and fruit production in the parklands), and as the Deputy Leader of Work Package 2 (Adaptation and resilience of shea tree facing climate change and drought using ecophysiological and modelling approaches).
(May 2007 – Feb 2010) – Post-graduate Researcher (part-time), Environment Department, University of YorkI worked in the EC-6th Framework INNOVKAR Project on the Study of Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) in Sudano-Sahelian zone as the Leader of Work Package 1 (Shea tree dynamics and fruit production in the parklands), and as the Deputy Leader of Work Package 2 (Adaptation and resilience of shea tree facing climate change and drought using ecophysiological and modelling approaches).
(Oct 2003 – Sep 2005) – Research Assistant, Simon Fraser University
I was one of the principal researchers on the Study of Rhino Poaching in Chitwan and Nawalparasi Districts, Nepal, part of which contributed towards my Masters Thesis.
(2001 – 2002) – Principal Investigator (Independent Study for Dissertation)
Study of Impacts of Leasehold Forestry, Kavre District, Nepal
(2016) – Session on “Social Research Methods” at the ESPA Summer School 2016, Lanark, Scotland (April 2016, Approx. 30 participants).
(2014) – One-week intensive course in ‘Community-based conservation & behavioural change’ as part of the Durrell Conservation Academy Mauritius’s Post-Graduate Diploma in Endangered Species Recovery (16-20 June 2014, Mauritius, 10 participants).
(2012) – “Gender and Natural Resources Management” (Masters/PhD course) in Department of Forest Resource Management, SLU. Lecture on Gender & Forestry in the Global South.
(2007/2008) – Teaching Assistant, Environment Department, University of York
Occasional teaching duties in the Undergraduate/Masters courses “Environment, Law and Policy”, and “Forest Management”
(2004) – Teaching Assistant, School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Running tutorials on the course “REM 100 – Global Change”
Teaching in Higher Education, basic course (2012) Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
Survey methods in the context of poverty and the environment: Design, Sampling and Implementation (2004) Vrije Universiteit, Institute of Environmental Studies (IVM), Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Poudyal, M., B.S. Ramamonjisoa, N. Hockley, O.S. Rakotonarivo, J.M. Gibbons, R. Mandimbiniaina, A. Rasoamanana, J.P.G. Jones (2016) “Can REDD+ social safeguards reach the ‘right’ people? Lessons from Madagascar”, Global Environmental Change 37: 31-42.
Sandström, S., M. Poudyal, S. Berg Lejon, and G. Lidestav (2016) “Absent neighbours and passive shareholders – The issue of residency and involvement in the management of a forest common”, Journal of Forest Economics 24:205-217.
Poudyal, M., G. Lidestav, P. Sandström, and S. Sandström (2015) “Supporting community governance in boreal forests by introducing participatory-GIS through action research”, International Journal of Action Research 11(3): 236-264.
Lidestav, G., M. Poudyal, E. Holmgren, and E.C.H. Keskitalo (2013) “Shareholder perceptions of individual and common benefits in Swedish Forest Commons”, International Journal of the Commons, 7(1): 164-182.
Poudyal, M. (2011) “Chiefs and trees: tenures and incentives in the management and use of two multipurpose tree species in agroforestry parklands in Northern Ghana”, Society and Natural Resources, 24(10): 1063-1077.
Poudyal, M., K. Rothley, and D. Knowler (2009) “Ecological and economic analysis of poaching of the greater one horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Nepal”. Ecological Applications 19(7): 1693-1707.
Lovett, J.C., and M. Poudyal (2006) “Terraforming Africa”. African Journal of Ecology 44: 302-304.
Rothley, K.D., D.J. Knowler, and M. Poudyal (2004) “Population model for the greater one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal”. Pachyderm 37: 19-27.
Book Chapters/Conference Proceedings
Poudyal, M., B. Adhikari, and J. Lovett (2014) “Community-Based Leasehold Forestry in Nepal: A Genuine Tenure Reform in Progress?”, in R. Bluffstone and E.J.Z. Robinson (eds) Forest Tenure Reform in Asia and Africa: Local Control for Improved Livelihoods and Forest Management, RFF Press.
Poudyal, M., G. Lidestav, S. Sandström, and P. Sandström (2014) “Experiences of introducing tools for better communication about land uses: The case of forestry within Vilhelmina Upper Forest Commons”, In Future Direction of Small-scale and Community-based Forestry (Proceedings from the IUFRO 3.08 & 6.08 Joint Conference, 8-13 September 2013 in Fukuoka, Japan), pp 300-305. Fukuoka, Japan: IUFRO 3.08 & 6.08 Joint Conference Organizing Committee.
Adhikari, B., D. Knowler, M. Poudyal, and W. Haider (2013) “Park-people conflicts, rhino conservation and poverty alleviation in Nepal”, in P.J.H. van Beukering et. al. (eds) Nature’s Wealth: The Economics of Ecosystem Services and Poverty, pp 37-55. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Poudyal, M., and G. Lidestav (2012) “Governance and benefits sharing in the Swedish forest commons: an assessment of the shareholder satisfaction”, In Forest Commons – Role Model for Sustainable Local Governance and Forest Management (Proceedings from the International Workshop 9-11 October 2011 in Burbach, Germany), Booklet 22 of the State Forestry Administration series North Rhine-Westphalia, pp 58-65. Münster, Germany: State Forestry Administration, NRW.
Poudyal, M. and J.C. Lovett (2010) “Biodiesel as the potential alternative vehicle fuel: European policy and global environmental concern”, in J.C. Lovett and D.G. Ockwell (eds) A Handbook of Environmental Management, pp. 408-430. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Poudyal, M., and D. Knowler (2005) “Economic Incentives and Poaching of the One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros in Nepal: Poaching of the One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros in the Chitwan Valley, Nepal – A Retrospective Econometric Analysis”. PREM Working Paper No. 05–07. Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management (PREM) Program, Institute of Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Knowler, D., and M. Poudyal (2005) “Economic Incentives and Poaching of the One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros in Nepal: Simulation Modelling of Policies to Combat the Poaching of Rhino in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal”. PREM Working Paper No. 05–11. Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management (PREM) Program, Institute of Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Adhikari, B.P., W. Haider, O. Gurung, M. Poudyal, B. Beardmore, D. Knowler, and P. van Beukering (2005) “Economic Incentives and Poaching of the One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros in Nepal: Stakeholder Perspectives in Biodiversity Conservation – Analysis of Local, National and Global Stakes in Rhino Conservation in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal”. PREM Working Paper 05–12. Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management (PREM) Program, Institute of Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Poudyal, M., J.P.G. Jones, N. Hockley, S. Rakotonarivo, B. Ramamonjisoa, R. Mandimbiniaina, and A. Rasoamanana (2014) “Who bears the cost of forest conservation under REDD+?” Presented at ESPA 2014 Annual Science Meeting 26 –27 November 2014, New Delhi, India.
Poudyal, M. and G. Lidestav (2012) “Analysing participation in Swedish forest commons: where women stand?” Presented at IUFRO 6.08 – Gender and Forestry Conference, Environmental governance and four decades of gender research: Where do we stand? 27–29 November 2012, Wondo Genet Forestry College, Ethiopia.
Poudyal, M. and G. Lidestav (2012) “Increasing shareholder participation in forest commons’ governance: what are the chances and challenges?” Presented at Rural at the Edge /2nd Nordic Conference for Rural Research, 21-23 May 2012, Joensuu, Finland.
Poudyal, M., and G. Lidestav (2011) “Governance and benefits sharing in the Swedish Forest Commons: an assessment of the shareholder satisfaction”. Paper presented at Forest Commons – Role Model for Sustainable Local Governance and Forest Management, International Workshop, 9-11 October 2011, Burbach, Germany.
Poudyal, M. (2010) “Utilisation, management and ecology of indigenous economic trees in agroforestry parklands: the role of tree tenure”. Paper presented at the International Society for Ecological Economics, 11th Biennial Conference ISEE 2010 – Advancing Sustainability in a Time of Crisis, 22-25 August 2010, Oldenburg and Bremen, Germany.
Poudyal, M., and D. Knowler (2006) “The Economics of Rhinoceros Poaching in Nepal: An Empirical Analysis and Theoretical Extension”. Paper presented at the International Conference on Economics of Poverty, Environment and Natural Resource Use, 17 – 19 May 2006, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Adhikari, B., and M. Poudyal (2004) “Economic Incentives and Poaching of the One-Horned Indian Rhinoceros in Nepal”. International Society for Ecological Economics, 8th Biennial Scientific Conference, ISEE 2004, 11 – 14 July 2004, Montréal, Canada.
Operating systems: Microsoft Windows (all versions), Apple Mac OS X, Ubuntu Linux
Document processing and spreadsheets: Microsoft Office, OpenOffice Suite, Apple iWork
Maths, Stats and Econometrics: SPSS, LIMDEP, Eviews (Basic), STATA and R
Others: STELLA (for Simulation modelling), Vensim (Basic working knowledge), ArcView GIS (Basic working knowledge)
Graphics and Web design: Gimp, Adobe Lightroom, Dreamweaver, HTML & CSS
Programming and Databases: PHP and MySQL (Basic working knowledge of both)
Nepali – native language
English – speak fluently and read/write with high proficiency
Hindi – speak, read, and write with basic competence
French – beginner (completed level 1 course)
2005-2008 ORSAS Award (UK) – For the PhD degree at the University of York, UK
2005-2008 University Research Studentship (York) – For the PhD degree at the University of York
2002-2003 University’s Graduate Fellowships (SFU) – For the degree of Master of Resource Management (MRM) at Simon Fraser University, Canada
1999-2002 Overseas Students’s Trust Fund (of York) Scholarship – To study for Bachelor of Science in Environment, Economics and Ecology (BSc EEE) at the University of York, UK
» International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)
» International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE)
» European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE)
» South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE)